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Individualised stepwise adaptive treatment for 3-6-year-old preschool children impaired by attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ESCApreschool): study protocol of an adaptive intervention study including two randomised controlled trials within the con

Becker, Katja; Banaschewski, Tobias; Brandeis, Daniel; Dose, Christina; Hautmann, Christopher; Holtmann, Martin; Jans, Thomas; Jendreizik, Lea; Jenkner, Carolin; John, Katja; Ketter, Johanna; Millenet, Sabina; Pauli-Pott, Ursula; Renner, Tobias; Romanos, Marcel; Treier, Anne-Katrin; von Wirth, Elena; Wermter, Anne-Kathrin; Doepfner, Manfred

Any: 2020

Background Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a psychosocially impairing and cost-intensive mental disorder, with first symptoms occurring in early childhood. It can usually be diagnosed reliably at preschool age. Early detection of children with ADHD symptoms and an early, age-appropriate treatment are needed in order to reduce symptoms, prevent secondary problems and enable a better school start. Despite existing ADHD treatment research and guideline recommendations for the treatment of ADHD in preschool children, there is still a need to optimise individualised treatment strategies in order to improve outcomes. Therefore, the ESCApreschool study (Evidence-Based, Stepped Care of ADHD in Preschool Children aged 3 years and 0 months to 6 years and 11 months of age (3;0 to 6;11 years) addresses the treatment of 3-6-year-old preschool children with elevated ADHD symptoms within a large multicentre trial. The study aims to investigate the efficacy of an individualised stepwise-intensifying treatment programme. Methods The target sample size of ESCApreschool is 200 children (boys and girls) aged 3;0 to 6;11 years with an ADHD diagnosis according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) or a diagnosis of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) plus additional substantial ADHD symptoms. The first step of the adaptive, stepped care design used in ESCApreschool consists of a telephone-assisted self-help (TASH) intervention for parents. Participants are randomised to either the TASH group or a waiting control group. The treatment in step 2 depends on the outcome of step 1: TASH responders without significant residual ADHD/ODD symptoms receive booster sessions of TASH. Partial or non-responders of step 1 are randomised again to either parent management and preschool teacher training or treatment as usual. Discussion The ESCApreschool trial aims to improve knowledge about individualised treatment strategies for preschool children with ADHD following an adaptive stepped care approach, and to provide a scientific basis for individualised medicine for preschool children with ADHD in routine clinical care.

Tipo document:

Artículo

Número/Volum:

21

Pàgines:

0 - 0

Font:

TRIALS

Paraules clau:

Attention-deficit; hyperactivity disorder; ADHD; Preschool children; Stepped care; Adaptive treatment; Telephone-assisted self-help; Behaviour therapy; Kindergarten; ESCAlife

 

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Darrera actualització: 04/03/2021

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