cendoc bogani publicaciones PMD conductas adictivas

Ficha Bibliografía científica

Prison sentencing increases the risk of unemployment among illegal heroin users in Taiwan

Lee, Charles Tzu-Chi; Huang, Chiu-Mieh; Chang, Li-Chun; Wang, Shih-Wen; Hsu, Hsiao-Pei; Liao, Jung-Yu; Guo, Jong-Long

Año: 2020

Background Previous studies have rarely explored the effect of type of sentencing on employment status among illegal heroin users, therefore, we aims to examine the association of the sentencing types and employment outcomes among illegal heroin users in Taiwan. Methods Participants with illegal heroin use were identified through the national prison register system and deferred prosecution system: 2406 with deferred prosecutions, 4741 with observation and rehabilitation, 15 compulsory rehabilitation and 1958 sentenced to prison in calendar 2011. Logistic regression models were built to estimate the effect of sentencing type on unemployment status at 2 years after release. Stratification analysis was conducted to determine the effect of sentencing type based on the offender´s employment status before sentencing. Results Illegal heroin users receiving a prison sentence were more than twice as likely to be unemployed 2 years later than those receiving deferred prosecution. The unemployment rate was also higher for those with observation and rehabilitation and compulsory rehabilitation than deferred prosecution in the 2 years following sentencing. Males, older users, without a job before sentencing, divorced or widowed and higher prior drug use criminal records were also higher risk of unemployment. Subgroup analysis by prior employment status revealed that being sentenced to prison, observation and rehabilitation and compulsory rehabilitation affected the subsequent employment status only for those heroin users with a job before sentencing. The strength of associations showed dose-dependent relationship between different sentencing types (sentenced to prison> compulsory rehabilitation> observation and rehabilitation) and employment outcomes. Conclusions Illegal heroin users who receive a prison sentence have a much higher risk of unemployment than those who receive deferred prosecution after controlling potential confounders, especially those who had a job before sentencing. The implication is the stronger freedom of punishment, the higher risk of unemployment outcomes. Our study support that illegal heroin user is legally regarded as a patient before being regarded as a criminal, so giving priority to quit addition rather than imprisonment.

Tipo documento:

Artículo

Número/Volumen:

15

Páginas:

0 - 0

Fuente:

SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT PREVENTION AND POLICY

Palabras clave:

Enjuiciamiento diferido; Observación y rehabilitación; Rehabilitación obligatoria; Pena de cárcel; Tasa de empleo; Consumidores de heroína

 

Comparte con otras personas

Compartir Compartir  Compartir

Regidoría de Salut i Consum del Ajuntament de València

Logotipo Universitat de València
Logotipo UISYS
Logotipo CSIC
Logotipo Consellería de Sanitat Universal y Salut Pública de la Generalitat Valenciana

Siguenos en:

 

Última actualización: 04/03/2021

Centro de documentación sobre drogodependencias y otros trastornos adictivos Dr. Emilio Bogani Miquel
Cendoc Bogani

Publicaciones, Artículos, Carteles, Posters y enlaces Web sobre Drogodependencias y Trastornos Adictivos relevantes para profesionales de las Ciencias de la Salud, Educación e Información.

Copyright © Centro de documentación sobre drogodependencias y otros trastornos adictivos Dr. Emilio Bogani Miquel, 2019.
Cendoc Bogani - C/ Amadeo de Saboya, 11 - bajo - 46010 - Valencia
Utilizamos cookies propias y de terceros para mejorar nuestros servicios y con fines estadísticos. Al continuar con la navegación entendemos que se acepta nuestra política de cookies. Más Información