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Psychological treatment for methamphetamine use and associated psychiatric symptom outcomes: A systematic review

Stuart, Alexandra M.; Baker, Amanda L.; Denham, Alexandra M. J.; Lee, Nicole K.; Hall, Alix; Oldmeadow, Chris; Dunlop, Adrian; Bowman, Jenny; McCarter, Kristen

Año: 2020

Background. Regular methamphetamine use is associated with increased rates of psychiatric symptoms. Although there has been a substantial body of research reporting on the effectiveness of psychological treatments for reducing methamphetamine use, there is a paucity of research examining the effects of these treatments on co-occurring psychiatric symptoms. We addressed this gap by undertaking a systematic review of the evidence of the effectiveness of psychological treatments for methamphetamine use on psychiatric symptom outcomes in randomized controlled trials. Methods: A narrative synthesis of studies was conducted following the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) statement to inform methodology. Eight electronic peer-reviewed databases were searched. Ten eligible studies were assessed. Results: Most studies found an overall reduction in levels of methamphetamine use and psychiatric symptoms among samples as a whole. Although brief interventions were effective, there is evidence that more intensive interventions have greater impact on methamphetamine use and/or psychiatric symptomatology. Intervention attendance was variable. Conclusions: The evidence suggests that a variety of psychological treatments are effective in reducing levels of methamphetamine use and improving psychiatric symptoms. Future research should consider how psychological treatments could maximize outcomes in the co-occurring domains of methamphetamine use and psychiatric symptoms, with increasing treatment attendance as a focus.

Tipo documento:

Revisión

Número/Volumen:

109

Páginas:

61 - 79

Fuente:

JOURNAL OF SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT

Palabras clave:

Methamphetamine; Psychological; Treatment; Intervention; Systematic review; Psychiatric symptoms

 

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Última actualización: 24/09/2020

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