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Unexpected pregnancy, experience of sexual violence and contraception among women who use cannabis or other illegal substance in the Great Paris Region: Data from the 2016 Health Barometer

Embersin-Kyprianou, C.; Yermachenko, A.; Massari, V; El-Khoury-Lesueur, F.; Melchior, M.

Año: 2020

Background. - Women who use psychoactive substances could have higher levels of unplanned pregnancy and of difficulties accessing long-term contraceptive methods than those who do not use these substances. General population data on this topic are rare, particularly in France. Methods. - This study is based on data from the French Health Survey 2016, collected from women aged 15 to 49 years and living in the Great Paris region (N = 1626). Use of illegal psychoactive substances (cannabis, substances used via intranasal or intravenous administration) were evaluated over the lifecourse and, for cannabis, over the 12 months preceding the study. Unplanned pregnancies were ascertained over the preceding 5 years, emergency contraception, abortion, and the experience of sexual violence during the lifecourse. We also studied the number of sexual partners in the preceding 12 months, as well as current contraception. Data were analyzed using weighted logistic regression models, adjusted for participants´ sociodemographic characteristics and tobacco use. Results. - Women who use illegal substances have a higher probability than non-users to experience an unplanned pregnancy in the preceding 5 years (OR associated with lifecourse cannabis use: 1.61, 95% CI 1.00-2.58), to have used emergency contraception (ORs between 2.20 to 2.90), to have had an abortion (OR associated with lifecourse cannabis use: 1.77, 95% CI 1.26-2.49), and to have experienced sexual violence (ORs between 1.87 to 3.14). They also had more sexual partners than non-users, but did not differ in terms of contraception. Conclusion. - In the general population, there is a relationship between women´s use of illegal substances and their probability of experiencing sexual violence. These results should be brought to the attention of health professionals in contact with women, to help identify those who have addictive behaviors and identify their sexual and reproductive health needs. (C) 2019 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

Tipo documento:

Artículo

Número/Volumen:

68

Páginas:

9 - 15

Fuente:

REVUE D EPIDEMIOLOGIE ET DE SANTE PUBLIQUE

Palabras clave:

Women; Unplanned pregnancy; Addictive behaviors; French National Health Survey

 

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Última actualización: 24/09/2020

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