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Physical violence inside female prisons in Brazil: prevalence and related factors

Gama-Araujo, Isabelle Silva; Bezerra Filho, Jose Gomes; Kerr, Ligia; Kendall, Carl; Maia Macena, Raimunda Hermelinda; Mota, Rosa Salani; Ferreira, Marcelo; Pires Neto, Roberto da Justa

Año: 2020

The present study aims to identify the prevalence of physical violence against female prisoners in Brazil, as well as related factors. This is a cross-sectional national survey conducted in 15 female prisons in five regions of Brazil selected in multiple stages. The following types of analysis were performed: univariate analysis; stratified analysis relating the outcome (suffer physical violence inside prison) to predictor variables, using the Pearson chi-square test; calculation of the Odds Ratio (O.R.); and multiple logistic regression. The Hosmer-Lemeshow test was used for analysis of goodness of fit and adequacy of the model. The prevalence of physical violence inside female prisons was 37.4%. There was a correlation between physical violence victimization in prison and the following variables: physical victimization prior to arrest (p = 0.013), solitary confinement (p = 0.000), mental suffering (p = 0.003), current or previous abusive intake of alcohol (p = 0.011), current or previous injection of cocaine (p = 0.002) and not performing prison labor (p = 0.003). Physical violence has become inherent in the Brazilian female prison system. Continued studies are needed to monitor the situation and to develop interventions to prevent physical violence inside the facilities.

Tipo documento:

Artículo

Número/Volumen:

25

Páginas:

623 - 632

Fuente:

CIENCIA & SAUDE COLETIVA

Palabras clave:

Physical violence; Prisons; Penal institutions; Female prisons

 

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Última actualización: 29/09/2020

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